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Network Information Service (NIS) Configuration Options for Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for IPv6 (DHCPv6).
V. Kalusivalingam. October 2004.

 
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Network Working Group V. Kalusivalingam Request for Comments: 3898 Cisco Systems (India) Private Limited Category: Standards Track October 2004 Network Information Service (NIS) Configuration Options for Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for IPv6 (DHCPv6) Status of this Memo This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for improvements. Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state and status of this protocol. Distribution of this memo is unlimited. Copyright Notice Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2004). Abstract This document describes four options for Network Information Service (NIS) related configuration information in Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for IPv6 (DHCPv6): NIS Servers, NIS+ Servers, NIS Client Domain Name, NIS+ Client Domain name. 1. Introduction This document describes four options for passing configuration information related to Network Information Service (NIS) [3] in DHCPv6 (RFC 3315 [1]). The options defined in this document can only be used to configure information about NIS servers that can be reached using IPv6. The DHCP option to configure information about IPv4 NIS servers can be found in RFC 2132 [4]. Mechanisms for configuring IPv4/IPv6 dual- stack applications are being considered, but are not specified in this document. 2. Terminology The key words MUST, MUST NOT, REQUIRED, SHALL, SHALL NOT, SHOULD, SHOULD NOT, RECOMMENDED, MAY, and OPTIONAL in this document are to be interpreted as described in BCP 14, RFC 2119 [2]. Kalusivalingam Standards Track [Page 1]
RFC 3898 NIS Configuration Options for DHCPv6 October 2004 Throughout this document, unless otherwise specified, the acronym DHCP refers to DHCP as specified in RFC 3315. This document uses terminology specific to IPv6 and DHCP as defined in section "Terminology" of RFC 3315. 3. Network Information Service (NIS) Servers Option The Network Information Service (NIS) Servers option provides a list of one or more IPv6 addresses of NIS servers available to the client. Clients MUST treat the list of NIS servers as an ordered list. The server MAY list the NIS servers in the order of preference. The format of the Network Information Service Servers option is as shown below: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | OPTION_NIS_SERVERS | option-len | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | | NIS server (IPv6 address) | | | | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | | NIS server (IPv6 address) | | | | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | ... | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ option-code: OPTION_NIS_SERVERS (27) option-len: Length of the 'NIS server' fields in octets; It must be a multiple of 16 NIS server: IPv6 address of NIS server 4. Network Information Service V2 (NIS+) Servers Option The Network Information Service V2 (NIS+) Servers option provides a list of one or more IPv6 addresses of NIS+ servers available to the client. Clients MUST treat the list of NIS+ servers as an ordered list. The server MAY list the NIS+ servers in the order of preference. Kalusivalingam Standards Track [Page 2]
RFC 3898 NIS Configuration Options for DHCPv6 October 2004 The format of the Network Information Service V2 (NIS+) Servers option is as shown below: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | OPTION_NISP_SERVERS | option-len | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | | NIS+ server (IPv6 address) | | | | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | | | NIS+ server (IPv6 address) | | | | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | ... | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ option-code: OPTION_NISP_SERVERS (28) option-len: Length of the 'NIS+ server' fields in octets; It must be a multiple of 16 NIS+ server: IPv6 address of NIS+ server 5. Network Information Service (NIS) Domain Name Option The Network Information Service (NIS) Domain Name option is used by the server to convey client's NIS Domain Name info to the client. The format of the NIS Domain Name option is as shown below: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | OPTION_NIS_DOMAIN_NAME | option-len | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | nis-domain-name | | ... | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ option-code: OPTION_NIS_DOMAIN_NAME (29) option-len: Length of the 'nis-domain-name' field in octets Kalusivalingam Standards Track [Page 3]
RFC 3898 NIS Configuration Options for DHCPv6 October 2004 nis-domain-name: NIS Domain name for client The 'nis-domain-name' MUST be encoded as specified in section "Representation and Use of domain names" of the DHCPv6 specification [1]. 6. Network Information Service V2 (NIS+) Domain Name Option The Network Information Service V2 (NIS+) Domain Name option is used by the server to convey client's NIS+ Domain Name info to the client. The format of the NIS+ Domain Name option is as shown below: 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | OPTION_NISP_DOMAIN_NAME | option-len | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ | nisp-domain-name | | ... | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ option-code: OPTION_NISP_DOMAIN_NAME (30) option-len: Length of the 'nisp-domain-name' field in octets nisp-domain-name: NIS+ Domain name for client The 'nisp-domain-name' MUST be encoded as specified in section "Representation and Use of domain names" of the DHCPv6 specification [1]. 7. Appearance of these Options The NIS servers, NIS+ servers, NIS domain name and NIS+ domain name options MUST NOT appear in other than the following messages: Solicit, Advertise, Request, Renew, Rebind, Information-Request and Reply. The option number for these options MAY appear in the Option Request Option [1] in the following messages: Solicit, Request, Renew, Rebind, Information-Request and Reconfigure. 8. Security Considerations The NIS servers, NIS+ servers, NIS domain name and NIS+ domain name options may be used by an intruder DHCPv6 server to assign invalid NIS parameters, resulting in clients unable to use NIS service. Kalusivalingam Standards Track [Page 4]
RFC 3898 NIS Configuration Options for DHCPv6 October 2004 The NIS servers and NIS+ servers options may be used by an intruder DHCPv6 server to cause the DHCPv6 clients to send their queries to an intruder NIS/NIS+ server. This misdirected searches may be used to spoof NIS/NIS+ names. The NIS domain name and NIS+ domain name options may be used by an intruder DHCPv6 server to cause the DHCPv6 clients to search through invalid domains for incompletely specified domain names. The results of these misdirected searches may be used to spoof NIS/NIS+ names. To avoid attacks through these options, the DHCPv6 client SHOULD use authenticated DHCP (see section "Authentication of DHCP messages" in the DHCPv6 specification [1]). 9. IANA Considerations The IANA has assigned option codes to the following options from the option-code space defined in "DHCPv6 Options" section of the DHCPv6 specification [1]. Option Name Value Described in OPTION_NIS_SERVERS 27 Section 3 OPTION_NISP_SERVERS 28 Section 4 OPTION_NIS_DOMAIN_NAME 29 Section 5 OPTION_NISP_DOMAIN_NAME 30 Section 6 10. References 10.1. Normative References [1] Droms, R., Ed., Bound, J., Volz, B., Lemon, T., Perkins, C., and M. Carney, "Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for IPv6 (DHCPv6)", RFC 3315, July 2003. [2] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997. 10.2. Informative References [3] Sun Microsystems, "System and Network Administration", March 1990. [4] Alexander, S. and R. Droms, "DHCP Options and BOOTP Vendor Extensions", RFC 2132, March 1997. Kalusivalingam Standards Track [Page 5]
RFC 3898 NIS Configuration Options for DHCPv6 October 2004 Acknowledgements Thanks to the DHC Working Group for their time and input into the specification. In particular, thanks to (in alphabetical order) Bernie Volz, Jim Bound, Margaret Wasserman, Pekka Savola, Ralph Droms, and Thomas Narten for their thorough review. Author's Address Vijayabhaskar A Kalusivalingam Cisco Systems (India) Private Limited, No: 9, Brunton Road, Bangalore - 560025 India Phone: +91-80-51036615 EMail: vibhaska@cisco.com Kalusivalingam Standards Track [Page 6]
RFC 3898 NIS Configuration Options for DHCPv6 October 2004 Full Copyright Statement Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2004). This document is subject to the rights, licenses and restrictions contained in BCP 78, and except as set forth therein, the authors retain all their rights. This document and the information contained herein are provided on an "AS IS" basis and THE CONTRIBUTOR, THE ORGANIZATION HE/SHE REPRESENTS OR IS SPONSORED BY (IF ANY), THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK FORCE DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Intellectual Property The IETF takes no position regarding the validity or scope of any Intellectual Property Rights or other rights that might be claimed to pertain to the implementation or use of the technology described in this document or the extent to which any license under such rights might or might not be available; nor does it represent that it has made any independent effort to identify any such rights. Information on the IETF's procedures with respect to rights in IETF Documents can be found in BCP 78 and BCP 79. Copies of IPR disclosures made to the IETF Secretariat and any assurances of licenses to be made available, or the result of an attempt made to obtain a general license or permission for the use of such proprietary rights by implementers or users of this specification can be obtained from the IETF on-line IPR repository at http://www.ietf.org/ipr. The IETF invites any interested party to bring to its attention any copyrights, patents or patent applications, or other proprietary rights that may cover technology that may be required to implement this standard. Please address the information to the IETF at ietf- ipr@ietf.org. Acknowledgement Funding for the RFC Editor function is currently provided by the Internet Society. Kalusivalingam Standards Track [Page 7]

   

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